What is the difference between desktop and workstaion

Work Station is called the devices that contain a specific hardware and give you the maximum degree of performance

and whatever devices we currently use are excellent and their performance we see very high, but they are compared to a device called Work Station, our devices are considered zero on the left.
In addition, Work Station devices are the only devices that carry within them the latest computer technologies in terms of processors, memory, graphics chips, hard disk space, servers, and also in terms of other additional devices that you can add to these devices, for example, these RAID Cards.

The piece will never be able to be used with a normal device. Look at a device that has been called Work Station

and see what it contains inside of modern devices.

Wait for it after 4 years or more until it is available in regular devices. Therefore, this device will have obtained another new technology that will not be available in the regular devices that we use.

It is, in fact, the true symbol of the name Super Computer.

Workstation devices are what are called Extreme Power devices: they
are distinguished from desktop devices, whether they are dedicated to a graphics processor or a computer processor, and according to use, you can obtain workstation devices.

He wants to complete a design at the time, he will need a Quadro PlexD graphics card,

for example, from NVIDIA or a Fire GL card from ATI, and these prices are high, which may reach $ 2000 per card

so that he can produce the work properly, especially for designs that have very high features and accuracy. resolution .. Also, a server cannot be used on a dual or quad processor dedicated to desktop devices, such as the C2D or C2Q processor

so it will need a powerful server processor such as xeon, and it may need a board with more than one processor to complete the work.

What is the Workstation?

Workstations are designed for specific tasks, and in those tasks they give you stronger and better performance, and you will definitely feel the difference…

The price of the Workstation is higher than the price of regular devices. All of them contain processors, memory, graphics accelerators, hard disks, motherboard and other components,

but the difference is in the quality of these components. Workstations start from one processor, then two processors, and up to 4 processors.. Currently, dual-core processors can be used to form more powerful workstations,

and  have a larger amount of memory, and it is considered from 1 to 8 GB the most popular, but most regular work stations have 2 to 4 GB. Hard disks differ according to the type of workstation,

but because workstations are mainly intended for multimedia professionals, hard disks are usually RAID 0 array in order to increase performance, and some high-end workstations use faster hard disks (SCSI disks with a rotational speed of 15000).

Graphics accelerators also differ. Audio workstations need graphics accelerators specialized in displaying more than one screen, while design workstations need to display a maximum of two screens with high image quality. Currently

all graphic accelerators are suitable for this purpose. Video workstations benefit from the presence of an OpenGL graphic accelerator for Acceleration of video display and its effects before applying it with two screens or more, of course…
3D design workstations also use OpenGL graphics accelerators.

There are several types (depending on their strength), which are more expensive than regular graphics accelerators, with prices ranging from 300 to more than 3000 dollars.

Certainly workstations are useful to you, for example you may sometimes notice slow renderings of the 3D design when it is complex

and has a lot of polygons and it takes a while for the image to be drawn, the professional graphics accelerators OpenGL takes over this task to render the images much smoother…

and it is useful to have a dual-core processor Or more than one processor can significantly speed up rendering operations, and large memory helps free system performance from the slow hard drive,

where the memory is large enough to accommodate system requirements. Workstation Motherboard We all know the traditional PC motherboards, but we do not know why there are workstation motherboards

or what we call them Workstation, which is the motherboard for computing and scientific purposes, but before all this, let’s show you a panel of the workstation panels.

This is the design of the Z10PE-D16 WS board, one of the special Workstation boards from ASUS, and we will learn about all the following differences
. The number and type of processors :

In the majority, Workstation boards come with the ability to install more than one central processor, such as our board here. It can run Xenon processors with two processors, each processor has 18 cores.

That is, the equivalent of 36 cores and 64 high-processing threads, which PC boards cannot offer at the present time.

 Memory :

Workstation motherboards, many of their models can run up to 1024GB of memory without a problem, and it is of ECC type, which cannot be run even on PC motherboards because it is not supported.

 The number of graphics cards supported

These boards are designed and one of the pillars of the design is the multiplicity of graphics cards due to the purposes of computing and design that have been completed on these devices.

Therefore, you will find a lot of slots for graphics cards, such as installing 6 graphics cards of different brands between NVIDIA and AMD.

The best quality :

These panels come with the best energy circuits to ensure continuity for periods of hard work, as these panels are used as workstations for scientific and computing purposes, including those exploited in graphic design and others.

Therefore, these panels are designed to work as long as possible without stopping and from the finest industrial components, which you will only see in High cost PC boards. Support for RAID technologies :

Although RAID technologies are supported on PC boards, the support here is larger and wider and includes many other types of connections. The number of connection ports

The number of connection ports is high compared to traditional PC boards, such as USB 3.0/2.0 ports, and the number of network connection ports, which are often no less than two, along with some other features. Additional technical chips :

for remote control of the device, recording errors, even if the device is closed, and a few other features from the manufacturers to identify any faults in the board and better means of protection.


All this comes at a price. Of course, server boards use the best components in the industry, so expect a significantly higher price as a result of the high cost.

Engineering design companies always rely on these boards because of the huge computing power as a result of running more than one graphics card and more than one central processor, but there are other Workstation boards that come only to suit some users who want quality and want more than one graphics card on the same board, and here you will find some other models Which are based on computer motherboards such as the ASUS Z270-WS.

The motherboard here carries the Z270 chip and a power circuit like Workstation motherboards and supports the installation of three SLI graphics cards

or the installation of 4 graphics cards with Crossfire technology, all this using Core I processors, not Xenon processors, and of course not supporting ECC memory, and certainly a lower cost for the motherboard.

The E3 PRO GAMING V5 motherboard is the best example for gaming boards and at the same time the ability to run XENON processors for workstations and servers and even support for ECC memory

because the motherboard is equipped with an Intel® C232 chip that can run Core I processors and Xenon processors up to four cores to provide this lowest solution The cost of a board that works with Xenon processors to take advantage of its technologies in servers, workstations, and gaming platforms at the lowest possible cost.

Desktop MotherBoards
: PC boards are divided into more than one category, including the economic category, the middle category, and the higher categories, and in all of that you can find a lot like game boards that care about the shape Quality, overclocking, sound card, and many other programs.

As a simple example, the Formula board of the highest category for professionals has many features that the user will need from design, overclocking, lighting, water cooling, the ability to install two cards in SLI mode, peripherals for games, and very good power circuits.

Of course, there are other boards that are lower in price to suit all users, unlike server boards that It comes at a somewhat high cost compared to those boards, but from one example to another the situation differs.

The previous Z270-WS board for servers is priced at $379, the Formula comes at a price of $450, and a board that can run two processors and 1 terabyte of memory is priced at $500,

and this makes you think a lot, should I buy it? A board like the Formula board, or should I buy a board that can run two processors? The answer to this question will be the cost and use,

and in the end you are the one who determines this, but there are those who buy these boards to play as well, but the problem lies in the price of the platform. The price of memory that supports ECC technology

is more expensive, and the general shape is not beautiful in relation to those special boards

SEE MORE : difference-between-windows-10-pro-and-windows-10-home/

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